How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs: a Step-By-Step Guide

If you have found yourself with bed bugs, there’s no need to worry because you’ve come to the right place! Bed bugs are very common and have been found throughout history. Our experts at Pest Smart Control have outlined how to identify bed bugs, get rid of bed bugs, and prevent bed bugs in the future. Our experts have also identified some of the best DIY products and exterminators that will be able to get rid of bed bugs permanently.

How to tell if you have bed bugs

You may be wondering how do I know if I have bed bugs? Bed bugs can infest everything from your bedding to your clothes to your furniture, so it’s important to know the signs so you can get ahead of the problem quickly. There are a few key ways to tell whether you have bed bugs in your home. 

Blood stains on the affected area

You may start to see blood stains on the affected area if you have bed bugs in your home. This is due to the inadvertent killing of these bugs as you sleep. Bed bugs tend to feed for long periods of time, and thus when they are killed large splotches of blood can be seen on the affected area of your home. 

Musty odor

You may have started to notice that your carpets, sheets, furniture or clothes have begun to have a dingy, musty odor. This could be an indicator of bed bugs, as the glands of the bed bugs tend to emit this sort of odor. 

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Exoskeleton shells

Bed bugs have exoskeletons that they can shed in places where they hide. These shells can end up anywhere in your home, and are an indicator that bed bugs are in your home. 

Dark spots from fecal matter

Another indicator that you have bed bugs would be dark spots anywhere from your sheets to your walls that are from the fecal matter of the bed bugs. 

Visual indicators

Lastly, if you look closely in the right places, you can sometimes see these bed bugs. They can be very difficult to see, so if you don’t see them that doesn’t mean that they are not in your home. Below we’ve outlined some of the best places to check and a picture of what these bugs can look like. Bed bugs tend to inhabit corners and crevices of your home that are near where people sleep. This can include

  1. Bed side tables
  2. Headboards
  3. Wallpaper

Bed Bug Bites

Another key indicator of bed bugs will be bites on your skin. 

  • These bites are often raised, red welts on your skin that both burn and itch. 
  • Those with bed bug bites often leave rashes on the skin as a result of multiple bites. 
  • Lastly, these bites tend to occur in straight lines as the bed bugs travel down your skin. 

It’s important not to mistake flea bites with bed bug bites. While they both do leave red dots on your skin, they do have some key differences that will help you to identify the differences. 


Flea Bites Bed Bug Bites
Found in lower half of the body, typically in the bends of elbows and knees Found in the upper half of the body, typically on the face, neck and arms
Sometimes grouped together in 3s Tend to form in a straight line on the body
Tend to be more bright red and circular Tend to be a more dark red/purple color in an oval shape

Evidence of these bed bug bites, in conjunction with the above listed evidence of bed bugs should prompt you to take action with the products, services and preventative techniques listed below.

How to kill bed bugs

DIY vs Exterminators

Your first step in determining how to get rid of bed bugs is deciding whether to hire an exterminator or utilize DIY products and techniques. Fortunately, we have you covered with whatever decision you make. Below you can find a full guide for the DIY route and the exterminator route, with links to useful products and exterminators near you. Feel free to also call the number below to get a free quote on pest control. 

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You may have heard before that things like alcohol or baking soda can kill bed bugs. There are a few key techniques you can utilize to reduce your risk of having bed bugs; however, to kill your bed bugs instantly, it will likely require chemical treatments. Below we have linked a few key products to help you get started with treatment. 

Chemical Treatments

Our experts at Pest Smart Control have identified the following 3 treatments as the most effective bed bug treatments.

EcoRaider Bed Bug Killer Spray 16 Oz, Green + Non-toxic, 100% Kill + Extended Protection

HARRIS Bed Bug and Egg Killer, Toughest Liquid Spray with Odorless and Non-Staining Extended Residual Kill Formula (Gallon)

ZappBug Heater Bed Bug Killer | Bed Bug Heater Kills Bed Bugs and Their Eggs Without Spray or Chemicals

Preventative treatments

  • Clean your bed sheets and other affected areas with hot water frequently
  • Vacuum your bed and surrounding area frequently 
  • Encase your box springs and mattress with a zippered cover
  • Remove clutter from your bed


Hiring an exterminator can bring you the peace of mind that your bed bug problem is completely solved. Feel free to call the number at the bottom of your screen to get a free quote!

Where do bed bugs come from?

Now that you’ve eliminated these bed bugs, it’s important to understand where they come from to prevent further infestation. 

Travel is the most common cause of bed bugs. These bugs can hitch onto your clothing, bags, and personal belongings and find their way into your bedding. As you travel, be sure to thoroughly wash your clothing thoroughly as you return. 

Second hand furniture. Another cause of bed bugs can be second hand or rented furniture, which can contain bed bugs if not washed thoroughly. 


Bed bugs can be very annoying and troublesome. However, following the methods above, you can not only get rid of bed bugs quickly but also prevent any future infestations. Both DIY products and exterminators can be great solutions to get rid of bed bugs permanently.

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